Cameroon is an ethnically diverse country with about 250 groups.
- Cameroon Highlanders constitute the plurality at 38 percent of the total population. They include the Bamileke, Tikar and the Bamoun.
- The coastal tropical forest peoples, including the Bassa, Douala, and many smaller entities account for about 12 percent of the population.
- In the southern tropical forest, ethnic groups include the Ewondo, Bulu, and Fang (all Beti subgroups), and the Makaa and Pygmies (officially called Bakas). They account for about 18 percent of the population.
- The Fulani (Fula, Fulbe, Peul) account for about 14 percent of the population and the Kirdi account for about 18 percent.