The population of Botswana is divided into:
- Tswana people (79%) who are the largest ethnic group with eight tribes who are Bamangwato, Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Batawana, Batlokwa, Bakgatla, Barolong and Balete.
- Kalanga people (11%)
- Basarwa (or Bushmen) (3%).
- The remaining 7% consist of other peoples.
Botswana's main ethnic groups are the Tswana, Kalanga, Batswapong, Babirwa, Basarwa (or Bushmen), Bayei, Hambukushu, Basubia, Baherero and Bakgalagadi.