The Bishari are an ethnic group inhabiting Northeast Africa. The Bishari are one of the major subgroups of the Beja people of Sudan and Eritrea.. The Bishari speak the Beja language, which belongs to the Afroasiatic family.
The Bisharin divide themselves into two primary groups:
Rural Bisharin are characterized by their large crown of curly hair, complete with long ringlets hanging down from the head.
The seminomadic pastoral herders live in portable, rectangular, goat-skin houses, while the sedentary Bisharin live in permanent, mud-walled homes.
The Bishari live in the eastern part of the Nubian Desert in Sudan and southern Egypt. They reside in the Atabai (also spelled Atbai) area between the Nile River and the Red Sea, north of the Amarar and south of the Ababda- basically between the Nubian desert and the Nile valley, an area of limestone, mountains, with sandstone plateaus.
The Bishari population numbers around 42,000 individuals.
The Bishari speak the Beja language as a mother tongue. It belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family.
The Beja inhabiting Sudan also speak Sudanese Arabic as a second language. In 1949, a member of the Bishari tribe stated that when they meet a stranger, they immediately ask "'Are you biggaweijet (=Bišari) or belaeijt (Arab)?'" and continued "‘...We call our language biggawija and it contains many elements of Arabic (belaeijet).'"
The Bishari are traditionally nomadic people, working in husbandry of camels, sheep, and goats in the Southern part of the Eastern Desert. It's an area that is off the beaten path- largely unexplored. Of the tribes in the area, this tribe lives in the more remote areas. The Bishari and the Bishari Qamhatab, believed to be ancient Bishari, have traded agricultural commodities with other people since ancient times.
In recent years, the Bisharin have become increasingly integrated into a cash economy, primarily because of the need to pay government taxes. Severe droughts have also damaged their herds of sheep, cattle, goats, and camels, forcing increasingly large numbers of Bisharin to settle down into permanent farming communities.
Although the pastoral Bisharin are somewhat perfunctory in their religious devotions. Their indigenous, animistic traditions still have a powerful hold on the people.