The Kusasi people (var. Kusaasi) are an ethnic group in northern Ghana and southern Burkina Faso. They speak Kusaal, a Gur language.
They form the majority of the population in Ghana and speak Kusaal. This is part of the Gur language that is also dominant in northern Ghana. The Kusasi population in Ghana is estimated to be around 646,000.
The Kusasi people are farmers. Their staple foods are rice and yams, mostly when they are in season. The Kusasi also utilize Hausa and Moore languages for trading; however, they have a great affiliation towards their native language. It is even used to teach in schools and local churches.
The dominant religion in the area that the Kusasi occupy is Christianity. Churches have done various community empowerment works in the area.
Some say that the community has always been part of the northern corner of Ghana. Others state that the Kusasi came to Ghana's north territory while escaping enslavement by the Mossis and Busani.
It is said that the Kusasi people migrated to their current region in search of more fertile farmland. They came from the White Volta region in Mamprugu before colonization. The Paramount Chief of Mamprugu created new posts for chiefs. This allowed him to open new trade routes between the Nalerigu, Tenkudougu and to provide escort for traders from the north.
The Kusasi migrated mainly from Biengu, Zwaga and Yuiga, which are currently in Burkina Faso. They ended up settling majorly in the outskirts of Baku and took part in crop farming and animal husbandry.
The Kusasi have a typical traditional dance that they perform at funerals. This is meant to allow the dead to reach their ancestors in the new world successfully.
The most dominant dance style during these events is the Tuk dance as they jam to Kusasi music.
The Kusasi people celebrate the Samanpiid festival whereby they thank God for a bumper harvest in the farming season. They started commemorating it in 1987.