Abbe people

Abbe / Abe

Abbe / Abe / Abbey

The Abbé people (Abe, Abbey or Abe), are an Akan people who live predominantly in the Ivory Coast, and number 580,000. Abbés speak the Akan dialect Abé.

Abbés populations or Abbeys (or Béssouffouè in the Akan language dialect Baoulé) were the warriors of the left wing of the army of Queen Pokou. The Abbés are an Akan people originating in Ghana, from where they migrated to Ivory Coast in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Abbés live mainly in the Ivorian region of Agboville, 79 km north of Abidjan.

Abbe People

Language and location

The Abbés speak the Akan language dialect Abbé, and are an Akan subgroup. The Abbés are reflected in the Ivorian prefectural departments Agboville, Azaguié, Rubino, Grand Morié, Loviguié, Guessiguié, Ottopé, Offoumpo, Grand-Yapo, Attobrou, Blida etc., then around Abidjan in the sub-prefecture N’douci, Tiassalé, Sikensi, Bingerville, Lakota, Divo, and around M'bahiakro, Ouellé, Ananda Koidiokro etc. The Abbés cantons in Ivory Coast are the canton Tchoffo, and the canton Morié.


History of settlement

According to legend, the Abbés are descendants of the Anyi.

It was during the reign of Akoussou that the Abbés, threatened by their neighbors, the Ashanti, decided to leave for peaceful lands. Their exodus in the 18th century was led by Patchibo, the son of Akossou and Nana Yah Abobia. The Abbés cross the Tanoé and the Comoé and stopped between Adzopé and Agboville, where Patchibo created the village of Douda, now called Grand Morié.

Continuing on their way, Patchibo settled his people about fifteen kilometers from the Agnéby and founded the village of Allahin, now known as the Loviguié. From Douda and Allahin, and the Abbés pushed back the Attiés, their eastern neighbors. This is why there are Abbé villages in the Ivory Coast sub-prefecture of Bingerville. They also spread to the west side of the river Bandama, resulting in more than eight Abbé villages in the sub-prefecture Tiassalé. The story goes that other Abbés left the village of Douda and had settled beyond Tiassalé to form the Didas in the center-west of Ivory Coast. This subgroup Didas made an undeniable, irremovable and immortal covenant, which is called toukpè and which means covenant of peace. This would explain the memory of that ethnic separation.